Vol. 151, No. 51 — December 23, 2017

GOVERNMENT NOTICES

DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT

Notice to interested parties — Clean Fuel Standard regulatory framework

The Government of Canada plans to put in place Clean Fuel Standard Regulations under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, to reduce Canada’s greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The objective of the proposed regulations is to achieve 30 Mt of annual reductions in GHG emissions by 2030, contributing to Canada’s effort to achieve its overall GHG mitigation target of 30% emission reduction below 2005 levels by 2030.

The Clean Fuel Standard will establish lifecycle carbon intensity requirements separately for liquid, gaseous and solid fuels that are used in transportation, industry and buildings. This performance-based approach will incent innovation, development and the use of a broad range of low carbon fuels, energy sources and technologies.

Consultations on the development of the Clean Fuel Standard were launched in January 2017 and the “ Clean Fuel Standard: Discussion Paper” was released in February, seeking views to help inform the development of a regulatory framework. Following the release of the Discussion Paper, extensive consultation sessions were held, including a face-to-face workshop, technical webinars and bilateral meetings with various stakeholders. More than 120 comments were received on the Discussion Paper. Comments were quite diverse, on the various themes of policy objectives, regulatory design, fuels covered by the regulations, targeting emission reductions, timelines, interactions with other measures (including the Renewable Fuels Regulations) and competitiveness. A report, “Clean Fuel Standard: Summary of stakeholder written comments on the Discussion Paper,” summarizing these diverse comments, was prepared by the International Institute for Sustainable Development.

The regulatory framework provides clarity on a number of key issues raised during consultations, and identifies other important issues that require further consideration. This document covers

The Clean Fuel Standard Regulations will use a lifecycle approach to set carbon intensity values and requirements, accounting for the amount of greenhouse gases emitted to produce a unit of energy. This lifecycle approach will assess GHG emissions from all stages in a product’s life, from cradle to grave (that is, from raw material extraction through materials processing, manufacture, distribution, use, repair and maintenance, and disposal or recycling, where applicable).

The Clean Fuel Standard will drive actions that reduce GHG emissions throughout the lifecycle of fuels and fuel alternatives. The Clean Fuel Standard may lead to changes in crop demand and land management practices that impact GHG emissions, which will be included. However, indirect GHG emissions that may result from the Clean Fuel Standard will not be considered in the design, at least initially.

Partitioning

The Clean Fuel Standard will achieve reductions from each of the transportation, building and industry sectors. Reductions will be achieved by setting separate carbon intensity requirements for subsets of fuels, as well as through rules on credit trading.

The Clean Fuel Standard will set separate carbon intensity requirements for liquid, gaseous and solid fuel streams. This approach will lead to emission reductions from fuels used in industries and buildings. For gaseous fuels, consideration will be given to setting volumetric requirements for renewable content or a hybrid approach, such as volumetric requirements with GHG performance standards.

Approximately 80% of liquid fuels are used for transportation. Setting a separate carbon intensity target for liquid fuels will ensure GHG reductions are achieved from transportation fuels.

Consideration may be given to further groupings of fuel types within fuel streams (e.g. grouping transportation fuels together in the liquid fuel stream). Some trading of credits between the fuel streams will be considered. This approach offers compliance flexibility to regulated parties to achieve emission reductions across the fuel types within the separate fuel streams.

Clean Fuel Standard and Pan-Canadian approach to pricing carbon pollution

The Clean Fuel Standard will complement the Pan- Canadian approach to pricing carbon pollution. The Clean Fuel Standard will focus on reducing carbon intensity across the lifecycle of fuels, from production to use, reducing GHGs along the value chain of individual fuels and incenting innovation and technology. Carbon pricing will price fossil fuels, as well as emissions from industrial activities, to send a price signal to markets and end users and further incent GHG emission reductions.

Scope of Clean Fuel Standard Regulations

The Clean Fuel Standard will apply to liquid, gaseous and solid fuels combusted for the purpose of creating energy including “self-produced and used” fuels, that is, those fuels that are used by producers or importers.

The Clean Fuel Standard will not apply to fuels when they are primarily used as feedstocks in industrial processes or when used for non-combustion purposes (e.g. solvents).

Certain fuels will be excluded from application of the carbon intensity requirements of the Clean Fuel Standard, including fuels that are exported from Canada, fuels that are in transit through Canada, and coal combusted at facilities that are covered by coal-fired electricity GHG regulations. Other exclusions may be considered.

Regulated parties

Fuel producers and importers, or in some cases distributors, will be subject to the Clean Fuel Standard and will need to meet specific requirements for the fuels that they produce, import or distribute.

In the case of liquid fuels

In the case of gaseous fuels

In the case of solid fuels

Approach to setting requirements

Carbon intensity values will be expressed in grams of carbon dioxide equivalents (g CO2e) per unit of energy in megajoules (MJ), and will account for GHG emissions over the lifecycle of a fuel. Carbon intensity values will not include an estimate of the impact of indirect land use change on GHG emissions.

Baseline carbon intensity values and carbon intensity requirements will be set either for each fuel in a stream (liquid, gaseous, solid) or for groupings that include some or all fuels in a stream.

The Clean Fuel Standard Regulations will set carbon intensity requirements expressed either as absolute values or as percent reductions from the relevant baselines.

The carbon intensity requirements will become more stringent over time, with the goal of achieving at least 30 Mt CO2e of emission reductions annually commencing in 2030.

Calculation of lifecycle carbon intensity of fuels

For renewable fuels, other low carbon fuels and energy sources and technologies, carbon intensity will be differentiated by type and origin of the fuel to reflect the GHG emissions associated with different feedstocks and technologies.

In the case of crude oil–based fuels, the Regulations will not differentiate among crude oil types, or on whether the crude oil is produced in or imported into Canada. A Canadian-average default carbon-intensity for crude oil produced, imported and consumed in Canada will be used.

For other fossil fuels, consideration is being given to whether or not the same approach as for crude oil–based fuels should be applied. As an example, for natural gas–derived fuels, consideration is being given to initially setting carbon intensity values separately for sweet gas and sour gas, and assessing the potential of further differentiation by origin of the gas in the longer term.

Renewable fuel content

The federal Renewable Fuels Regulations require 5% renewable content in gasoline and 2% renewable content in diesel fuel and heating distillate oil. In the short term, these volumetric requirements will be maintained. In the longer term, the Clean Fuel Standard will replace the Renewable Fuels Regulations.

With respect to natural gas, setting carbon intensity requirements as noted above is the intended approach, but further consideration will be given to setting volumetric requirements for renewable content or a hybrid approach, such as volumetric requirements with GHG performance standards.

Compliance pathways

The Clean Fuel Standard will provide a range of pathways for complying other than reducing the carbon intensity of the fuel produced or imported for use in Canada. A key pathway for fossil fuel suppliers will be to include renewable fuel content in their product.

It will be possible to generate compliance credits for actions that improve carbon intensity throughout the lifecycle of the fuel. One issue to be determined is whether to specify a minimum threshold for process improvements that qualify for credit creation. It will also be possible to generate credits through fuel switching and the deployment of energy sources and technologies that displace fossil fuels, such as electric vehicles.

Credits will be tradeable among regulated parties within each stream of fuels (liquid, gaseous, solid). There will also be limited banking of credits. Consideration is being given to allowing some use of credits across streams of fuels.

Review and update

The lifecycle GHG emission models and the carbon intensity values referred to in the Clean Fuel Standard Regulations will be updated and revised periodically. In addition, a review of the Clean Fuel Standard will include future consideration of the treatment of renewable fuel requirements, whether the impacts of indirect land use change should be accounted for, and whether consideration should be given to other sustainability issues.

Timing of requirements

Environment and Climate Change Canada plans to publish draft regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part I, in 2018 and final regulations in the Canada Gazette, Part II, in mid-2019. Carbon intensity requirements for liquid, gaseous and solid fuel streams will come into force at the same time; however, the coming into force date is still to be determined. Industry will be provided with sufficient lead time to prepare to meet requirements, while adequate time will also be provided for meeting carbon intensity requirements to achieve the required 30 Mt of GHG reductions by 2030.

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DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1999

Order 2017-66-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List

Whereas, pursuant to subsection 66(3) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (see footnote a), the Minister of the Environment has added the substance referred to in the annexed Order to the Domestic Substances List (see footnote b);

Therefore, the Minister of the Environment, pursuant to subsection 66(3) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (see footnote c), makes the annexed Order 2017-66-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List.

Gatineau, December 7, 2017

Catherine McKenna
Minister of the Environment

Order 2017-66-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List

Amendment

1 Part I of the Non-domestic Substances List (see footnote 1) is amended by deleting the following:

Coming into Force

2 This Order comes into force on the day on which Order 2017-66-10-01 Amending the Domestic Substances List comes into force.

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DEPARTMENT OF THE ENVIRONMENT

CANADIAN ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ACT, 1999

Order 2017-87-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List

Whereas, pursuant to subsections 87(1) and (5) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (see footnote d), the Minister of the Environment has added the substance referred to in the annexed Order to the Domestic Substances List (see footnote e);

Therefore, the Minister of the Environment, pursuant to subsections 87(1) and (5) of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999 (see footnote f), makes the annexed Order 2017-87-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List.

Gatineau, December 7, 2017

Catherine McKenna
Minister of the Environment

Order 2017-87-10-02 Amending the Non-domestic Substances List

Amendment

1 Part I of the Non-domestic Substances List (see footnote 2) is amended by deleting the following:

Coming into Force

2 This Order comes into force on the day on which Order 2017-87-10-01 Amending the Domestic Substances List comes into Force.

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DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

CRIMINAL CODE

Designation as fingerprint examiner

Pursuant to subsection 667(5) of the Criminal Code, I hereby designate the following person of the Victoria Police Department as a fingerprint examiner:

Jonathan Peter Ross Sheldan

Ottawa, December 1, 2017

Kathy Thompson
Assistant Deputy Minister
Community Safety and Countering Crime Branch

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DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC SAFETY AND EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS

CRIMINAL CODE

Revocation of designation as fingerprint examiner

Pursuant to subsection 667(5) of the Criminal Code, I hereby revoke the designation of the following person of the Victoria Police Department as a fingerprint examiner:

Michael W. Yeager

Ottawa, December 12, 2017

Kathy Thompson
Assistant Deputy Minister
Community Safety and Countering Crime Branch

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PRIVY COUNCIL OFFICE

Appointment opportunities

We know that our country is stronger — and our government more effective — when decision-makers reflect Canada’s diversity. The Government of Canada will use an appointment process that is transparent and merit-based, strives for gender parity, and ensures that Indigenous peoples and minority groups are properly represented in positions of leadership. We will continue to search for Canadians who reflect the values that we all embrace: inclusion, honesty, fiscal prudence, and generosity of spirit. Together, we will build a government as diverse as Canada.

The Government of Canada is currently seeking applications from diverse and talented Canadians from across the country who are interested in the following positions.

Current opportunities

The following opportunities for appointments to Governor in Council positions are currently open for applications. Every opportunity is open for a minimum of two weeks from the date of posting on the Governor in Council Appointments website.

Position

Organization

Closing date

President and Chief Executive Officer

Atomic Energy of Canada Limited

 

Members

Canada Post Corporation

December 29, 2017

Chief Executive Officer

Canadian Air Transport Security Authority

 

Chief Executive Officer

Canadian Dairy Commission

 

Members (appointment to roster)

International Trade and International Investment Dispute Settlement Bodies

 

Parliamentary Librarian

Library of Parliament

 

Chief Electoral Officer

Office of the Chief Electoral Officer

 

Information Commissioner

Office of the Information Commissioner

 

Commissioner

Royal Canadian Mounted Police

 

Chairperson

Social Security Tribunal

January 9, 2018

Ongoing opportunities

Opportunities posted on an ongoing basis.

Position

Organization

Closing date

Full-time and Part-time Members

Immigration and Refugee Board

December 31, 2017

Members

Veterans Review and Appeal Board

December 31, 2017

Upcoming opportunities

New opportunities that will be posted in the coming weeks.

Position

Organization

Chairperson

Civilian Review and Complaints Commission for the Royal Canadian Mounted Police

Sergeant-at-Arms

House of Commons

Commissioner

International Joint Commission

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BANK OF CANADA

Statement of financial position as at November 30, 2017

(Millions of dollars) Unaudited

ASSETS

Cash and foreign deposits

 

18.0

Loans and receivables

Securities purchased under resale agreements

7,805.2

 

Advances to members of Payments Canada

 

Advances to governments

 

Other receivables

5.6

 
   

7,810.8

Investments

Treasury bills of Canada

18,629.4

 

Government of Canada bonds

81,826.4

 

Other investments

412.1

 
   

100,867.9

Property and equipment

 

564.4

Intangible assets

 

39.8

Other assets

 

186.4

 

109,487.3


LIABILITIES AND EQUITY

Bank notes in circulation

 

82,670.6

Deposits

Government of Canada

23,059.6

 

Members of Payments Canada

499.9

 

Other deposits

2,183.6

 
   

25,743.1

Securities sold under repurchase agreements

 

Other liabilities

 

569.5

   

108,983.2

Equity

Share capital

5.0

 

Statutory and special reserves

125.0

 

Available-for-sale reserve

374.1

 
   

504.1

109,487.3

I declare that the foregoing statement is correct according to the books of the Bank.

Ottawa, December 15, 2017

Carmen Vierula
Chief Financial Officer and Chief Accountant

I declare that the foregoing statement is to the best of my knowledge and belief correct, and shows truly and clearly the financial position of the Bank, as required by section 29 of the Bank of Canada Act.

Ottawa, December 15, 2017

Stephen S. Poloz
Governor